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Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini
Prime Minister & dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1945; known as 'Il Duce'

common portrait of Benito Mussolini [1883-1945], staring intensely              short profile

about fascism

written works & speeches

works about Benito Mussolini

plays, movies, other media

image gallery

family & friends


“Fascism should more appropriately be called Corporatism because it is a merger
of state and corporate power.”

“The truth is that men are tired of liberty.”

“Socialism is a fraud, a comedy, a phantom, a blackmail.”

“Democracy is beautiful in theory; in practice it is a fallacy.”

— Benito Mussolini

          B I O
          t e x t
          h e r e

Fascist politician Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini [1883-1945] of Italy

search for books on keyword 'mussolini' (returns over 3,000 titles) at Amazon

Fascism is a radical, authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Neo-fascism usually includes nationalism,
anti-immigration policies, or - where relevant - nativism, anti-communism, and opposition to the parliamentary
system and to liberal democracy.

this page was split off from the Working Minds Philosophy of Empowerment website's Fascism Page in February 2018

top of page • • quotations • • fascist leaders • • books about fascism • • a few movies • • image gallery • • links

the 'fasces' is a bundle of rods in combination with a war axe    Illustration of the principle of 'fasces': the bundle of rods tied together with the war axe was carried by civic magistrates in Ancient Roman times. The rods were used to mete out punishment unless the axe was needed to execute the criminal. The premise used by fascism is that the individual rods are easy to break (as are individual persons) but unified and with the threat of severe punishment from the state, the group then becomes mighty.

"12 Warning Signs of Fascism" document online at Tennessee Technological University

Fascism Portal at Wikipedia

Written Works & Speeches by Benito Mussolini

'My Rise and Fall' autobiography by Benito Mussolini  "My Rise and Fall" autobiography [1928 & 1948] by Benito Mussolini
Contains two books by Benito Mussolini: the first volume was published in English in 1928 as "My Autobiography"; the second volume was written during the brief period between his rescue by the Germans in September 1943 and his execution by Italian partisans in April 1945 and published in English in 1948 as "The Fall of Mussolini"
Da Capo Press 8½x5½ pb [8/98] for $14.61
Da Capo Press 8½x5½ pb [8/98] for $25.81
My Autobiography book by Benito Mussolini  "My Autobiography by Benito Mussolini" [1928]
with "The Political and Social Doctrine of Fascism" [1932]
Kindle Edition from Dover Publns [2006 edition] for $9.99
Dover Publns 8½x5¾ pb [6/2006] for $13.95
Doctrine of Fascism essay by Benito Mussolini  "The Doctrine of Fascism" essay [1932] by Benito Mussolini [1883-1945]
"La Dottrina del Fascismo" is an essay written by Giovanni Gentile, but credited to Benito Mussolini; first published in the Enciclopedia Italiana of 1932 (pages 847-884) as the beginning section of a lengthy entry on 'Fascismo', which includes numerous photographs and graphic images
72-page Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [2/2014] for 99¢
86-page Free Thought Books 9x6 pb [11/2015] for $6.88
48-page Haole Library 8x5 pb [5/2015] for $5.88
28-page Zhingoora Books/CreateSpace 8x5 pb [8/2012] for $6.00

Works About Benito Mussolini
search for books on keyword 'fascism' (returns over 8,000 titles) at Amazon
search for books on keyword 'mussolini' (returns over 3,000 titles) at Amazon

¨                ¨

Life of Benito Mussolini book by Margherita G. Sarfatti  "The Life of Benito Mussolini" [English 1925, Italy 1926]
by Margherita G. Sarfatti, Foreword by Benito Mussolini

English translation by Frederic Whyte published in 1925, published the following year in Italy with the title "Dux"; the book was a success: 17 editions were printed and it was translated into 18 languages.
Kessinger Publng 9x6 pb [9/2010] for $27.16
Kessinger Publng pb [2004] for $75.67 {sic}
Kessinger Publng 9x6 hardcover [9/2010] for $39.16
Thornton Butterworth 8¾x5¾ hardcover [1926] out of print/used
Mussolini Man of Destiny book by Vittorio E. De Fiori  
Mussolini: The Man of Destiny" [1928]
by Vittorio E. De Fiori, Translated by Mario A. Pei

AMS Press, Inc. 7x5¼ hardcover [6/79] out of print/used
Dutton hardcover [1928] long out of print/scarce
J.M. Dent & Sons, Ltd. hardcover [1928] long out of print/scarce
'Official Life of Benito Mussolini' 1939 biography by Giorgio Pini  "The Official Life of Benito Mussolini: His Youth, Emigration, Life As A Socialist Leader and Soldier, His Peace With The Church, Axis Partnership, and Conquest of Albania"
[1939] by Giorgio Pini

Verlag Paul Schmidt German-language pb [1942] out of print/scarce
Verlag Für Sozialpolitik German-language hardcover [1941] out of print/scarce
earlier Italian edition "Benito Mussolini: La Sua Vita Fino ad Oggi Dalla Strada al Potere"
[1926] by Giorgio Pini

L. Cappelli pb [1926] out of print/used

La Vida con Mi Padre / The Life of My Father book by Vittorio Mussolini  "La Vida con Mi Padre (The Life of My Father)" [1958]
by {son} Vittorio Mussolini, Spanish translation by Jesús López Pacheco

subtitle: "Relato Apasionante de La Intimidad de Duce (Passionate Story of The Intimacy of The Duce)"
Colleccion Vortice pb [1958] import/SOLD OUT !
Colleccion Vortice pb [1958] import/scarce
1961 Mussolini biography by Laura Fermi  "Mussolini: A Biography ... the wild adventure that was his life" [1961]
by Laura Fermi, Preface by U.A. Grimaldi

Univ Chicago Press/Phoenix Books 8x5¼ pb [3/61] out of print/used
Univ Chicago Press/Phoenix Books 8x5¼ pb [3/61] out of print/used
Univ Chicago Press/Phoenix Books 6¾x4¼ hardcover [3/61] out of print/used
Univ Chicago Press/Phoenix Books 8¼x5¾ hardcover [3/61] out of print/used
Ediciones Bompiani Italian-language pb [1963] out of print/scarce
Ediciones Grijalbo Italian-language hardcover [1971] out of print/scarce
Benito Mussolini biography by Christopher Hibbert  
"Benito Mussolini" biography [1962]
by Christopher Hibbert, 2008 Foreword by Tobias Jones

St. Martin's Griffin 8½x5½ pb [7/2008] for $26.99
Penguin Books, Ltd. pb [7/75] out of print/used
Little, Brown hardcover [1962] out of print/used
Mussolini & Fascism, The View from America book by John Patrick Diggins  "Mussolini and Fascism: The View From America" [1972]
by John P. Diggins

Princeton Univ Press 9x6 pb [4/72] out of print/used
Princeton Univ Press 9x6¼ hardcover [4/72] out of print/used
Mussolini, The Tragic Women in His Life book by Vittorio Mussolini  "Mussolini: The Tragic Women In His Life" [1972]
by {son} Vittorio Mussolini, Translated by G. Snell

New English Library, Ltd. mass pb [1975] for $0.00
New English Library, Ltd. hardcover [7/73] out of print/used
Dial Press 9x6 hardcover [1972] out of print/used
Mussolini Intimate Biography by Rachele Mussolini  "Mussolini: An Intimate Biography" [1974] by His Widow Rachele Mussolini,
As Told To Albert Zarca, Translated by Christine Hauch

Pocket mass pb [5/77] out of print/used
Wm. Morrow & Co. 8x5¾ hardcover [1974] out of print/used
Mussolini In His Time book by Vittorio Mussolini  "Mussolini e Gli Uomini Nel Suo Tempo (Mussolini and The Men In His Time)" [1977]
by {son} Vittorio Mussolini

Ciaropico Editore Italian-language pb [1977] import scarce
Italian Fascism book by Alexander J. De Grand  "Italian Fascism: Its Origins and Development" [1982]
by Alexander J. De Grand

Univ Nebraska Press 8½x5½ 3rd edition pb [5/2000] for $18.43
Univ Nebraska Press 8½x5½ 3rd edition pb [5/2000] out of print/used
Univ Nebraska Press 2nd edition pb [6/89] out of print/used
Univ Nebraska Press 8½x5¾ 2nd edition hardcover [11/82] out of print/used
Appointment With Il Duce book by Hozy Rossi  "Appointment With Il Duce" novel [2001] by Hozy Rossi
The life of Beppe Arpino from boyhood thru many adventures to happiness married to the woman that he loves and in a successful career as a dentist in Naples; his dying mentor extracts a promise to get the fascist government to take on the mentor's eccentric fitness plan, and so Beppo sets out for Rome . . .
Welcome Rain Publrs 8x5½ pb [1/2003] for $10.29
Welcome Rain Publrs 8½x6 hardcover [7/2001] for $9.95
Mussolini biography by R.J.B. Bosworth  "Mussolini" biography [2002] by R.J.B. Bosworth
Bloomsbury Academic 8¼x5½ pb [3/2011] for $24.95
Bloomsbury USA 9½x6½ hardcover [3/2002] for $44.00
Mussolini's Intellectuals book by A. James Gregor  "Mussolini's Intellectuals: Fascist Social and Political Thought" [2004]
by A. James Gregor

Kindle Edition from Princeton Univ Press [1/2009] for $24.49 {sic}
Princeton Univ Press 9x6 pb [8/2006] for $38.95
Princeton Univ Press 9½x6¼ hardcover [12/2004] out of print/used
Mussolini's Conquest of Yugoslavia book by H. James Burgwyn  "Empire On The Adriatic: Mussolini's Conquest of Yugoslavia, 1941-1943" [2005]
by H. James Burgwyn

Enigma Books 9x6 pb [7/2005] out of print/used
Enigma Books 9x6½ hardcover [7/2005] out of print/used
The Body of Il Duce book by Sergio Luzzatto  "The Body of Il Duce: Mussolini's Corpse and The Fortunes of Italy" [2005]
by Sergio Luzzatto, Translated by Frederika Randall

Kindle Edition from Metropolitan Books/Macmillan [10/2014] for $7.99
Picador 8x5 pb [5/2006] out of print/used
Metropolitan Books 8½x5¾ hardcover [8/2005] for $11.05
Mussolini and His Generals book by John Gooch  "Mussolini and His Generals: The Armed Forces and Fascist Foreign Policy,
1922-1940" [2007] by John Gooch

Cambridge Univ Press 9x6 hardcover [12/2007] out of print/used
Cambridge Univ Press 9x6 hardcover [12/2007] out of print/used
Mussolini and the Rise of Fascism book by Donald Sassoon  "Mussolini and The Rise of Fascism" [2008]
by Donald Sassoon

Kindle Edition from HarperPress [9/2012] for $6.99
HarperCollins UK 8x5½ hardcover [1/2008] out of print/used
The Woman Who Shot Mussolini book by Frances Stonor Saunders  "The Woman Who Shot Mussolini" [2010] by Frances Stonor Saunders
Violet Gibson [1876-1956] from Ireland shot at Mussolini in April 1926, from arm's distance during a walking parade; the first shot grazed Il Duce's nose, then the gun jammed; Violet was declared insane and spent the rest of her life in British asylums.
Kindle Edition from Metropolitan/Macmillan [3/2011] for $7.99
Picador 8½x5½ pb [3/2011] for $2.75 {sic}
Metropolitan Books 9½x6½ hardcover [3/2010] for $4.44 {sic}
Il Duce and His Women book by Roberto Olla  "Il Duce and His Women: Mussolini's Rise To Power" [2011]
by Roberto Olla, Translated by Stephen Parkin

Kindle Edition from Alma Books [11/2011] for $12.82 {sic}
Alma Books 7x5¼ pb [5/2013] for $9.71
Alma Books 9½x6¼ hardcover [10/2011] for $6.89
Mussolini Warlord book by H. James Burgwyn  "Mussolini Warlord: Failed Dreams of Empire, 1940-1943" [2012]
by H. James Burgwyn

Enigma Books 9x6 pb [7/2012] out of print/used
Fascist Voices / Mussolini's Italy book by Christopher Duggan  "Fascist Voices: An Intimate History of Mussolini's Italy" [2012]
by Christopher Duggan

Kindle Edition from Oxford Univ Press [6/2013] for $20.10 {sic}
Vintage 7¾x5 pb [6/2013] for $14.38
Oxford Univ Press 9½x6½ hardcover [7/2013] for $17.92
Bodley Head 9½x6½ hardcover [2012] for $64.12
Cult of the Duce anthology  "The Cult of The Duce: Mussolini, and The Italians" [2013]
by Stephen Gundle, Christopher Duggan & Giuliana Pieri

Kindle Edition from Manchester Univ Press [11/2015] for $26.48 {sic}
Manchester Univ Press 9x6 pb [2/2015] for $27.87
Manchester Univ Press 9x6½ hardcover [6/2013] for $54.93
History in an Hour - Mussolini in Kindle format by Rupert Colley  "History In An Hour: Mussolini" for Kindle [2014] by Rupert Colley
90-page Kindle Edition from HarperCollins Publrs [4/2014] for $1.99
author's official website
The Pope and Mussolini / Fascism In Europe book by David I. Kertzer  "The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and The Rise of Fascism In Europe" [2014] by David I. Kertzer
won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography in 2015
Kindle Edition from Random House [1/2014] for $13.99
Random House Trade 9¼x6 pb [1/2015] for $16.40
Random House Book Club 9½x6½ deckle-edge hardcover [1/2014] for $11.57
Tutti gli uomini di Mussolini (All the men of Mussolini) book by Roberto Festorazzi  "Tutti Gli Uomini di Mussolini: I Gerarchi alla Corte del Duce (All The Men of Mussolini: The Leaders At The Duce's Court)" [2015] by Roberto Festorazzi
Cairo Publng Italian-language 8¼x5¾ pb [2015] for $46.11
'Mussolini, Der Erste Faschist' biography by Hans Woller  "Mussolini, Der Erste Faschist: Eine Biographie" [2016]
by Hans Woller

C.H. Beck German-language 9x5¾ hardcover [3/2016] for $29.44
Benito Mussolini short biography from Hourly History  "Benito Mussolini: A Life From Beginning To End" biography [2017]
from Hourly History

50-page Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [6/2017] for $2.99
48-page self-publd 9x6 pb [6/2017] for $12.99

Stageplays, Movies & Television, Other Media
not listed at Internet Broadway Database • credit listing at Internet Movie Database

®                        ®

Benito Mussolini co-wrote four stageplays (1930-39) with Giovacchino Forzano [1884-1970], who also wrote
librettos for operas by Franchetti, Mascagni, and Puccini.

"Campo di Maggio (Field of May)" by Mussolini & Forzano [1930]
Forzano wrote & directed an Italian movie called "100 Days of Napoleon" [Sept 1936] /tt0026168/
based on "Campo di Maggio" that starred Corrado Racca as Napoleon Bonaparte

"Villafranca" by Mussolini & Forzano [1931]

Napoleon The Hundred Days playscript by Mussolini & Forzano  

Napoleon The Hundred Days playscript by Mussolini & Forzano  

"Napoleon: The Hundred Days" by Mussolini & Forzano [1932]
adapted for the English stage by John Drinkwater

Sidgwick & Jackson, Ltd. pb [1932] long out of print/scarce

"Hundert Tage (100 Days)" [Austria March 1935]
In February 1815, Napoleon escaped his exile on Elba and marched towards Paris with 1,000 men to rebel against the conditions imposed by the Congress of Vienna. He assumed his old role as Emperor of France, and by the time he entered Paris, he was leading an army. The Congress of Vienna declared him an outlaw and seven countries marched their armies toward France. British General Wellington defeated Napoleon's army at Waterloo (in Belgium) and Napoleon was again exiled, this time to the South Atlantic island of St. Helena • Co-written & directed by Franz Wenzler; co-written by Karl Vollmöller; based on the 1932 stageplay by Giovacchino Forzano & Benito Mussolini; music by Giuseppe Becce; starring Werner Krauß {as Napoleon}, Gustaf Gründgens, Kurt Junker, Eduard von Winterstein, Alfred Gerasch, Peter Voß, Fritz Genschow, Elsa Wagner, Rose Stradner, Fred Döderlein, Ernst Legal, C.W. Tetting, Rudolf Schündler, Peter Erkelenz, Oscar Marion, Heinz von Cleve, Paul Mederow, Hans Adalbert Schlettow, Egon Brosig, Friedrich Gnaß, Fred Goebel, Eberhard Leithoff, Josef Peterhans
VHS/DVD/Blu-ray not available • credits at IMDb

"Cesare (Caesar)" by Mussolini & Forzano [1939]

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'Margherita' 2-act drama playscript by Anthony E. Gallo  "Margherita: A Two-Act Drama" [2011] by Anthony E. Gallo
Margherita Sarfatti is preparing to leave the country; a masked visitor appears at her door,
her former lover Benito Mussolini - they have not spoken for three years . . .

CreateSpace 9x6 pb [2/2011] for $6.50
'Gran Consiglio (Mussolini)' one-person stageplay by Tom Corradini of Turin, Italy   "Gran Consiglio (Mussolini)" [2015] by Tom Corradini
billed as 'a satirical journey into the mind of Benito Mussolini'; based at the Tom Corradini Teatro [est. 2010] in Turin, Italy; performances across Europe include Prague Fringe Festival 2015, Brighton Fringe Festival 2016, and Avignon Off 2017 (won prize for Best One-Person Performance)stageplay official homepage
watch official English-language trailer [3:26] online at YouTube
Violet Green one-person stageplay by Alice Barry   "Violet Gibson" one-person stageplay [Ireland Jan 2016]
Written & performed by Alice Barry, directed by Jason Byrne

Violet Gibson [1876-1956] from Ireland shot at Mussolini in April 1926, from arm's distance during a walking parade; the first shot grazed Il Duce's nose, then the gun jammed; Violet was declared insane and spent the rest of her life in British asylums.
playscript not available at Amazon or elsewhere; performed in January 2016 by Noggin Theatre Company in association with Granary Theatre in Cork City, Ireland
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color sheet music for 1923 French chanson marche 'Viva Mussolini' - words by Lucien Boyer, music by Vincent Scotto Perchicot  white sheet music for 1923 French chanson marche 'Viva Mussolini' - words by Lucien Boyer, music by Vincent Scotto Perchicot  
the French song 'Viva Mussolini" was published in France in 1923,
words by Lucien Boyer, music by Vincent Scotto Perchicot

listen to audio recording & slide show [9/2014 upload; 2:57] online at YouTube

·                         ·

"Killers of Mussolini" live TV drama [CBS-TV June 1959]
Season 3, Episode 35 of the "Playhouse 90" TV series [1956-60]
Nehemiah Persoff as Benito Mussolini in 1959 live TV 'Playhouse 90' episode  "live from Television City in Hollywood" • In April 1945, as American forces close in on Milan, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini must decide whether to surrender or to flee • Directed by Buzz Kulik; written by A.E. Hotchner; starring Nehemiah Persoff {as Mussolini}, Harry Guardino, Michael Ansara, Ilka Windish, John Dehner, Eduardo Ciannelli, Lawrence Dobkin, Frank Puglia, Erika Remberg
VHS/DVD/Blu-ray not available • full credits at IMDb
watch full b&w episode [6/2017 upload; 1:28:13] online at YouTube

"The Last Days of Mussolini" [Italy March 1974, USA Oct 1977]
aka "Mussolini: The Last Four Days" and "Mussolini Ultimo Atto (The Last Act)"
Last Days of Mussolini movie from Italy  Filmed in Italy in Eastmancolor™, with b&w archive footage; Italy length 126 minutes, USA length 91 minutes; the dictator of fascist Italy faces certain defeat by the Allies, so to avoid capture he attempts to flee the country with his lover – but Italian partisans are on their tail (the movie covers the last four days of Mussolini's life) • Co-written & directed by Carlo Lizzani; co-written by Fabio Pittorru; starring Rod Steiger, Franco Nero, Lisa Gastoni, Lino Capolicchio, Henry Fonda, Giuseppe Addobbati, Andrea Aureli, Bruno Corazzari, Rodolfo Dal Pra, Francesco Di Federico, Manfred Freyberger, Marco Guglielmi, Umberto Raho, Giacomo Rossi Stuart, Massimo Sarchielli, Bill Vanders, Franco Balducci, Benito Bolognini Cobianchi, Lucio Como, Arturo Corso, Mimmo Craig, Marvin Drake, Tom Felleghy, Franco Ferri, Enzo Fisichella, Giovanni Fracasso, Mario Mattia Giorgetti, Luigi Antonio Guerra, Fabrizio Jovine, Giancarlo Lolli, Gilberto Mazzi, Franco Mazzieri, Piero Mazzinghi, Annibale Papetti, Renato Paracchi, Lino Patruno, Luciano Pigozzi, Dante Posani, Elisa Pozzi, Gaetano Russo, Vittorio Sancisi, Tony Satyr, Renzo Scali, Claudio Sforzini, John Stacy, Meg Tarantino, Rosita Torosh, Valeriano Vallone, Remo Varisco, with b&w archive footage of Dwight D. Eisenhower, Adolf Hitler, King Victor Emmanuel III & Benito Mussolini
129-minute NoShame Films widescreen color DVD [11/2006] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia
watch full movie - in Italian with tiny subtitles [10/2015 upload; 2:04:14] online at YouTube

"Lion of The Desert" [U.F.D.C. April 1981]
Lion of The Desert movie  Filmed in Libya & Italy; Italy's expansionist plans included invading and conquering Libya, but a Bedouin chieftain rallied his people to battle the Italian tanks on horseback and hold off the invaders for twenty years; in 1929, Mussolini tasked a Fascist army general with beating the nativist resistence, which was done in two years • Funded by Libya's dictator Muammar al-Qaddafi; co-produced & directed by Moustapha Akkad; written by H.A.L. Craig, David Butler & Paul Thompson; music by Maurice Jarre; starring Anthony Quinn {as Omar Mukhtar}, Oliver Reed, Irene Papas, Raf Vallone, Rod Steiger {as Benito Mussolini}, John Gielgud, Andrew Keir, astone Moschin, Stefano Patrizi, Adolfo Lastretti, Sky du Mont, Takis Emmanuel, Rodolfo Bigotti, Robert Brown, Eleonora Stathopoulou, Luciano Bartoli, Claudio Gora, Giordano Falzoni, Franco Fantasia, Ihab Werfali, Ewen Solon, Loris Bazzocchi, Alec Mango, Filippo De Gara, George Sweeney, Pietro Tordi, Massimiliano Baratta, Mario Feliciani, Piero Gerlini, Lino Capolicchio, with archive footage of Benito Mussolini
Starz/Anchor Bay color Blu-ray [11/2013] for $13.50
Starz/Anchor Bay 25th Anniv Edition color DVD [11/2005] 2 disks for $6.49
full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia

"Mussolini: The Untold Story" TV mini-series [NBC-TV Nov 1985]
Mussolini The Untold Story 1985 TV mini-series starring George C. Scott  410-minute (6 hours, 50 minutes) 3-part TV series based on the memories of eldest son Vittorio Mussolini, from Benito's 1922 rise to power, to the 1935 invasion of Ethiopia, to World War II and Italy's defeat and Benito's inevitable downfall • Co-produced & written by Stirling Silliphant; directed by William A. Graham; music by Laurence Rosenthal; starring George C. Scott, David Suchet, Spencer Chandler, Lee Grant, Mary Elizabeth Mastran-tonio, Raul Julia, Virginia Madsen, Robert Downey Jr., Gabriel Byrne, Kenneth Colley, Michael Aldridge, Gunnar Möller {as Adolf Hitler}, Relja Basic, Gina Bellman, George Coulouris, Vernon Dobtcheff, Michael Forest, Janet Graham, Constantine Gregory, Robert Gwilym, Paul Herzberg, Virginia Hey, Godfrey James, Milton Johns, Wolf Kahler, Richard Kane, Paul Kehagias, Anne-Louise Lambert, Annabel Leventon, Bruce Lidington, Michael MacKenzie, Philip Madoc, Stephen Marshall, Ryan Mitchell, John Moreno, David Pullan, Tony Vogel, Tracy-Louise Ward, Eileen Way
5½-hour Sprocket Vault color DVD [8/00] 2 disks for $14.99
full credits at IMDbseries entry at Wikipedia
watch shortened video - English with Portuguese subtitles [1/2018 upload; 5:20:57] online at YouTube

"Il Segreto di Mussolini" TV movie [Italy Jan 2005]
'Il Segreto di Mussolini' 2005 TV movie  TV documentary that broke the long-suppressed story of Ida Dalser, her relationship with Mussolini, and of their son Benito Albino • Directed by Fabrizio Laurenti & Gianfranco Norelli; featuring Alfredo Pieroni, Monica Scattini {voice of Ida Dalser}, with archive footage of Benito Mussolini
VHS/DVD/Blu-ray not available • bare credits at IMDb
watch full movie - no subtitles [9/2013 upload; 1:44:57] online at YouTube

"Vincere ! (To Win)" [Italy May 2009, USA March 2010]
'Vincere!' movie about Mussolini's first wife  The life of Benito Mussolini's first wife Ida Dalser, whose existence was suppressed; Ida fell in love with Benito and supported him during the 1910s, bore him a son and married circa 1914; they lost touch and she discovered him in a hospital during the war, and also found that Benito married Rachele Guidi in 1915 after she bore him a daughter; Ida and son Benito Albino were imprisoned in insane asylums where they each died under suspicious circumstances • Co-written & directed by Marco Bellocchio; co-written by Daniela Ceselli; starring Giovanna Mezzogiorno, Filippo Timi, Fausto Russo Alesi, Michela Cescon, Pier Giorgio Bellocchio, Paolo Pierobon, Corrado Invernizzi, Bruno Cariello, Francesca Picozza, Simona Nobili, Vanessa Scalera, Giovanna Mori, Silvia Ferretti, Patrizia Bettini, Corinne Castelli, Giovanni Vettorazzo, Giorgio Santomaso, Fabrizio Costella, Anna Bianchi, Alberto Cracco, Marco Spiga, Alberto Bellocchio, Letizia Bellocchio, Maria Luisa Bellocchio, Rossana Mortara, Gianni Schicchi, Giuseppe Marchese, Cesare Scova, Rodolfo Tabasso, Tito Tomassini, Laura Saito, Federico Bava, with archive footage of Benito Mussolini; won eight David di Donatello Awards, several film festival awards • full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia
Region 1 Blu-ray not available • I.F.C. Independent Film widescreen color DVD [7/2010] for $19.49
watch trailers online at YouTube: 5/2009 Italian-language trailer #1 [1:40]very different 2/2010 trailer #2 w/English subtitles [1:58]
watch full movie - no subtitles [3/2017 upload; 1:59:43] online at YouTube
Vincere! analisi by Erminia Passannanti  
"Vincere! Passione, Potere Egemonico e Censura della Memoria: Mussolini nel Cinema Italiano - Un’Analisi Metastorica del Film di Marco Belloccio" [2011] by Erminia Passannanti
Short Italian-language analysis of the movie and its historical accuracy
46-page Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [1/2013] for $6.99
53-page indep 9x6 pb [10/2011] for $5.00
54-page LULU.com 8¼x5¾ pb [6/2014] for $12.05

Image Gallery

official logo/symbol of The National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, P.N.F.)          Casa del Fascio, headquarters of Italy's Fascist Party in Predappio, Italy - long-empty 1937 building is being restored as a museum (2017)         main entrance to the Mussolini Family Mausoleum in Predappio, Italy         Benito Mussolini crypt inside the Mussolini Family Mausoleum in Predappio, Italy

Mussolini family portrait, circa 1930          6 August 1923 TIME Magazine cover of Benito Mussolini          11 September 1939 LIFE Magazine cover of Benito Mussolini

Family & Friends
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born in Predappio, Italy in July 1883; he married Ida Dalser in 1914 and (without divorce) Rachele Guidi in 1915;
he was appointed Prime Minister in 1922 and was defeated by the Allies in 1943; he was shot to death by partisans near the Swiss border in April 1945.

first wife Ida Irene Dalser Mussolini [1880-1937]
- married 1914, locked up in insane asylums from 1920s to her death
entry at Wikipedia

son Benito Albino Mussolini [1915-42]
entry at Wikipedia

'Il figlio segreto del Duce' book by Alfredo Pieroni  "Il Figlio Segreto del Duce: La Storia di Benito Albino Mussolini e di Sua Madre, Ida Dalser" [2006] by Alfredo Pieroni
"The Secret Son of The Duce: The Story of Benito Albino Mussolini and His Mother, Ida Dalser"
Garzanti Libri Italian-language 8¼x5½ pb [2006] for $19.52

second wife Rachele Guidi Mussolini [1890-1979] - married 12/2015, widowed 4/1945

daughter Edda Mussolini Ciano [1910–95] - married 1930, 3 children, widowed 1944

son author & movie producer Vittorio Mussolini [1916–97]
browse booksIMDb listingentry at Wikipedia

son Bruno Mussolini [1918–41]
son Romano Mussolini [1927–2006]
daughter Anna Maria Mussolini [1929–68]

granddaughter Alessandra Mussolini [b. 1962]
daughter of Romano; elected member of Italy's Chamber of Deputies, 2008-2013; elected in 2014 to the European Parliament.
official website (in Italian)IMDb listing, 1972-2010entry at Wikipedia

Cesira and Benito book by Gianni S. Rossi  "Cesira e Benito: Storia Segreta della Governante di Mussolini (Secret History of The Governess of Mussolini)" [2007] by Gianni Scipione Rossi
Cesira Casteri was recommended by Margherita Sarfatti for the position of governess to Benito Mussolini's five children; Cesira can be seen in the background of several family photos; Cesira may have been a source of inside information to Sarfatti, but the author's suggestion that Cesira and Benito were involved romantically is hogwash.
Rubbettino Italian-language 8¾x5¾ pb [2007] for $28.00

mistress journalist Margherita Grassini Sarfatti [1880-1961]
- met 1911, collaborated politically & personally from 1922, self-exiled to Argentina 1938-47

"Acqua Passata" [1955]

'Il Duce's Other Woman' book by Philip V. Cannistraro & Brian R. Sullivan  Italian edition 'Ultra Donna del Duce' book by Philip V. Cannistraro & Brian R. Sullivan  "Il Duce's Other Woman" [1993]
by Philip V. Cannistraro & Brian R. Sullivan

Wm. Morrow & Co. 9¾x6½ hardcover [2/93] for $10.10

published in Italian as "Ultra Donna del Duce" [Mondadoro 1993]
info not found on Amazon

Margherita Sarfatti / Myth audiobook by Simona Urso  "Margherita Sarfatti: Dal Mito del Dux al Mito Americano (From The Dux Myth To The American Myth)" audiobook [11/2003] by Simona Urso
Editore Marsilio Saggi audiobook not available,
at either Amazon USA or Amazon.IT (2018)
Margherita Sarfatti biography by Roberto Festorazzi  "Margherita Sarfatti: La Donna Che Inventò Mussolini" biography [2010]
by Roberto Festorazzi

Colla Editore Italian-language 8¼x5½ pb [10/2010] for $29.28
Colla Editore Italian-language pb [10/2010] for €18,00 via Amazon.IT
Mussolini As I Knew Him book by Margherita Sarfatti  "My Fault: Mussolini As I Knew Him" [2014] by Margherita Sarfatti
Edited, Annotated & with Commentary by Brian R. Sullivan

Written first in English while in self-exile in South America, then serialized in 1945 in Spanish in the Buenos Aires daily newspaper Critica. Scholar of Italian history Sullivan here adds significant annotations and commentary.
Enigma Books 9½x6½ hardcover [4/2014] out of print/used
Margherita Sarfatti biography by Rachele Ferrario  "Margherita Sarfatti: La Regina dell'Arte nell'Italia Fascista (The Queen of Art In Fascist Italy)" [2015] di Rachele Ferrario
Author is an art critic and historian in Italy, so the emphasis is on Sarfatti's influence on Italy's art scene and on the Novacento Movement circa 1922.
not found on Amazon USA (2018)
Italian-language Kindle Edition from Mondadori [11/2015] for €12,99 via Amazon.IT
Mondadori Italian-language pb [3/2018] for €13,17 via Amazon.IT
Mondadori Italian-language hardcover [11/2015] for €21,25 via Amazon.IT
watch short English-language news video [6/2016 upload; 3:59] online at YouTube

mistress Claretta Petacci [1912-45] - met Mussolini in 1932; died at his side, both shot by partisans
IMDb listing {archive footage 1962-2013}entry at Wikipedia

"Claretta" [1984] starring Claudia Cardinale /tt0087064/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IVZypIXtMiA [2.24.48]

Los Diarios de / I Diari di Claretta Petacci book  "Mussolini Segreto: I Diari di Claretta Petacci, 1932-1938" [2010]
by Claretta Petacci, Edited by Mauro Suttora

Italian-language Kindle Edition from Rizzoli [9/2010] for $12.99
Rizzoli 7¾x5 Italian-language hardcover [2013] for $15.74
Editiones Crítica Spanish-language hardcover [2013] out of print/used
Editiones Crítica Spanish-language hardcover [11/2012] out of print/used
Claretta, Mussolini's Last Lover book by R.J.B. Bosworth  
"Claretta: Mussolini's Last Lover" [2017] by R.J.B. Bosworth
Kindle Edition from Yale Univ Press [2/2017] for $14.99
Yale Univ Press 9½x6¼ hardcover [2/2017] for $21.01

son-in-law & Foreign Minister Count Gian Galeazzo Ciano [1903-44]

Mussolini's Shadow Galeazzo Ciano book by Ray Moseley  "Mussolini's Shadow: The Double Life of Count Galeazzo Ciano" [1999]
by Ray Moseley

Yale Univ Press 9¼x6 pb [10/99] for $29.00
Yale Univ Press 9¼x6¼ hardcover [2/2000] for $29.65

L i n k s
search for books on keyword 'fascism' (returns over 8,000 titles) at Amazon
search for books on keyword 'mussolini' (returns over 3,000 titles) at Amazon

here on the Benito Mussolini [1883-1945] Page at Working Minds Philosophy of Empowerment

top of page  •  short profile  •  about fascism  •  written works & speeches  •  works about Benito Mussolini  •  

plays, movies, other media  •  image gallery  •  family & friends  •  links

v                             v

see also the Fascism & Barbarians Page at Working Minds Philosophy of Empowerment

top of page • • quotations • • fascist leaders • • books about fascism • • a few movies • • image gallery • • links

see also the Barbarians & Fascists Page at Working Minds Philosophy of Empowerment

top of page • • books on the subject • • a few movies • • links

Barbarian / Fascist Organizations Section
A.L.E.C. • • Bain Capital • • Halliburton • • The U.S. Supreme Court

Barbarian / Fascist Individuals Section
Koch Brothers • • Rupert Murdoch

v                             v

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