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Things To Worry About:
Earth's Biosphere

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Natural Farming Dept.

Pipelines & Fracking Dept.

Mountaintop Removal Mining

Water Dept.

Eco-News Dept.

"To paraphrase the Christian Bible (Matthew 16): For what is a man profited if he shall make beaucoup bucks
while transforming the planet into a cesspool."  — G.E. Nordell

Union of Concerned Scientists re global warming
American Forests [est. 1875]
       Save The Redwoods League [est. 1918]       
SafeClimate        Grist: A Beacon In The Smog weblog [est. 1999]
Eco Timber flooring [est. 1992]
       Lester Brown's Earth Policy Institute [est. 2001] based in Washington, DC

Center for EcoLiteracy [est.1995]        Plant a tree!        Earthweek: A Diary of The Planet - ecological news site [est. 1988]

envirofinder search engine
U.S. Forest Circus {satirical website}
Clean Beaches Coalition [est. 1998]
Basel Action Network - against 'Toxic Trade'
W.W.F. Intl. Conference on Climate Change [Nov-Dec 2005] in Montreal, PQ Canada
'The Bush Record on the Environment' at N.R.D.C.
"An Evangelical Declaration On The Care of Creation"
EarthJustice: Because the earth needs a good lawyer [est. 1971]
The Grantham Prize: Honoring Exceptional Environmental Journalism
EarthShare, based in Bethesda, MD
Center for Biological Diversity [est. 1989] is based in Tucson, Arizona
Blacksmith Institute anti-pollution solutions [est. 1999] based in New York City
African American Environmentalist Association [est. 1985] of Washington, DC
Environmental Defense Fund [est. 1967] based in New York City & Washington, DC
State of California Climate Change Portal
Sierra Club - Rio Grande Chapter [] based in Santa Fe, New Mexico
CELDF: Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund [est. 1995] based in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania

Environment News Service [est. 1990]

Action Network Environmental Defense

League of Conservation Voters [est. 1969] headquartered in Washington, DC

Climate Central [est. 2008] website

The U.S. Census Bureau no longer provides a real-time population clock (2010).
display of today's U.S. population estimate
display of today's world population estimate

Selected Books on the Subject of the Earth's Biosphere

Selected Movies on the Subject of the Earth's Biosphere

WMail Essay #28 [October 2002] "Waste Not, Want Not"
WMail Essay #60 [June 2006] "Climate & Politics"
WMail Essay #66 [December 2006] "Cooling The Planet"
Working Minds Essay #104 [May 2013] "No Water For You"
Working Minds Essay #108 [July 2015] "Civilization Is Imploding"

fresh local produce
Natural Farming Dept.
“Food is an important part of a balanced diet.” ~~ Fran Lebowitz

Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds [est. 1998] in Mansfield, Missouri
Seeds of Change [est. 1989] 100% certified organic seeds, based in Southern California
BLACK STAR: very negative business reputation - delays, excuses, dead plants, nasty customer service workers  Farmer Seed & Nursery {div of Plantron, Inc.} in Minnesota :: negative business reputation
Organic Farming Works website [est. 2008] based in Minnesota
Organic Farming Works - Resources Page
NEON: The Northeast Organic Network [est. 2001] based at Cornell University
Center for Rural Affairs [est. 1973] based in Lyons, Nebraska
F.F.A.: Future Farmers of America [est. 1928] based in Indianapolis, Indiana
F.F.A. New Century Farmer Conference [July 2013] in Des Moines, Iowa
Intermountain Farmers Assn. [est. 1923] owns 24 stores in Utah, CO, NV, Idaho & NM
New Mexico Organic Farming Conference [Feb 2014 = #?] in Albuquerque, NM
Bee Culture: The Magazine of American Beekeeping [est. 1873]
National Honey Board [est. 2008] based in Firestone, Colorado

Richard 'Bug Man' Fagerlund of Veguita, New Mexico
'Ask The Bugman' websiteBugman's Bug Club [new 2013]Richard Fagerlund Page at Amazon

Mohamed Hijri "A simple solution to the coming phosphorus crisis" March 2012 TED Talk [in French w/English subtitles; 13:41]

American Tractors & Farm Equipment Page
at Spirit of America Bookstore

Working Minds website's Movies About Farming & Food Safety Dept.

Working Minds / Books on the Subject / Farming & Food Safety Dept.


Penton Media, Inc. [est. 1892] publishes a multitude of trade magazines, including these five (which are geared toward real farmers only).
Western Farm Press {AZ, CA}   •    Southwest Farm Press {KS, NM, OK, TX}   •    Delta Farm Press {AR, LA, MS, MO}
Southeast Farm Press {AL to WV}   •    Western Farmer-Stockman {CO, ID, MT, NV, OR, UT, WA, WY}

National Farmers Magazine [est. 1877] of the National Farmers Organization, based in Ames, Iowa
National Farmers

print is available with membership, digital issues available online

publisher N.F.O. website
N.F.O. entry at Wikipedia

1944 cover of combined Farm Journal Magazine and Farmer's Wife magazine
Farm Journal
Magazine [est. 1877]

subscribe at Amazon
12 issues/year for $26.95

magazine website

Organic Farming Magazine [] subscription
Organic Farming

subscribe at Amazon
3 issues/year for $45.72

U.K. magazine website

Modern Farmer Magazine [est. 2013] subscription
Modern Farmer

international farming news

subscribe at Amazon
4 issues/year for $29.97

Modern Farmer Media website

Successful Farming Magazine [] subscription
Successful Farming

subscribe directly
13 issues/year for $15.95

magazine website

Farm and Ranch Living Magazine
Farm & Ranch Living
Magazine [est. 1978]

subscribe at Amazon
7 issues/year for $17.98

magazine website


Genetically-Modified Organisms {G.M.O. food products} are the opposite of natural farming practices
The The Monsanto Company [est. 1901] is the biggest purveyor of GMO foods and other G.M.O. products, so Monsanto is the focus of the anti-G.M.O. movement.
The first requirement is for American food packaging to display G.M.O. ingredients, followed by federal laws to regulate testing and environmental protection.

BLACK STAR: supposedly formed as a rebuttal to the documentary film "Food, Inc." backers include cattlemen, pork farmers, corn growers, Dupont, and Monsanto  'Food Dialogues' propaganda campaign of U.S. Farmers & Ranchers Alliance [est. 2011] {partly funded by Monsanto}

March Against Monsanto [planned for May 2014] in over 400 cities in over 50 countries


logo for the National Farmers Union [est. 1902] - 'United To Grow Family Agriculture'
National Farmers Union [est. 1902] based in Washington, DC
official websiteWikipedia

Oregon Farmers Union [est. 1906]
Utah Farmers Union [] based in Lehi, Utah

Kansas Farmers Union [] branch of the National Farmers Union [est. 1902]            Nebraska Farmers Union [] branch of the National Farmers Union [est. 1902]            American Farmers & Ranchers Insurance of Oklahoma [est. 1906] branch of the National Farmers Union [est. 1902]            South Dakota Farmers Union [est. 1914] branch of the National Farmers Union [est. 1902]            Texas Farmers Union [est. 1914] branch  of the National Farmers Union [est. 1902]

Rocky Mountain Farmers Union serving New Mexico & Colorado & Wyoming [est. 1907] branch of the National Farmers Union [est. 1902]            Montana Farmers Union [est. 1916]  branch of the National Farmers Union [est. 1902]            North Dakota Farmers Union [est. 1927] branch of the National Farmers  Union [est. 1902]


American Farm Bureau Federation [est. 1919] based in Washington, DC
official websiteWikipedia
Idaho Farm Bureau Federation [] based in Pocatello, Idaho
Kansas Farm Bureau Federation [est. 1919] based in Manhattan, Kansas
North Dakota Farm Bureau [est. 1941] based in Fargo, North Dakota
Oregon Farm Bureau [est. 1919] based in Salem, Oregon
South Dakota Farm Bureau Federation [est. 1917] based in Huron, South Dakots
Texas Farm Bureau Federation [est. 1933] based in Waco, Texas
Utah Farm Bureau Federation [est. 1916] based in Sandy, Utah
Wyoming Farm Bureau Federation [est. 1920] based in Laramie, Wyoming

Oil Pipelines & Hydraulic Fracturing Dept.

Working Minds / Worry About / Hydraulic Fracturing Page
was split off in Spring 2014

Working Minds / Worry About / Pipeline Disasters Page
was split off in Spring 2015

Mountaintop Removal Mining Dept.
U.S. Dept. of The Interior / Office of Surface Mining Reclamation & Enforcement
Sierra Club 'Dirty Coal' pages
West Virginia Highlands Conservancy [est. 1967]
Natural Resources Defense Council [est. 1970] Mountaintop Removal Mining Dept.
Appalachian Mountain Advocates [est. 2002] based in Lewisburg, WV
Coal River Mountain Watch [est. 2002] based in Naoma, WV
'i Love Mountains' coalition website [est. 2006] based in Boone, NC
Alliance for Appalachia [est. 2008]
Southern Appalachian Mountain Stewards [est. 2009] based in Big Stone Gap, Virginia

Water Dept.
nifty tools to measure garden hose output
Freeflo: A Global Water Network [est. 2008]
Waterwise home & office water distillation systems
Affordable Water Co. [est. 1956] in Dayton, Ohio
Water Quality Assn. based in Illinois
Oceana Foundation: Protecting The World's Oceans [est. 2001]
Save Our Groundwater [est. 2001] based in New Hampshire
Sweetwater Alliance [est. 2002] based in Duluth, Minnesota
Amigos Bravos - Friends of the Wild Rivers - Because Water Matters [est. 1988] based in Taos, NM

Clean Water Network [est. 1992] is based in Washington, DC
Florida Clean Water Network [est. 1994] in Navarre, Florida

Selected Books on The Water Crisis

suggested by a young 4-H member  filtered water bottles info at The Water Page U.K. website

Brita Bottle Water Filtration System  Brita™ Bottle Water Filtration System
single 24-ounce bottle with filter (blue or violet) for $8.50
twin-pack 24-ounce bottles (two color choices) for $14.99
3-pack 20-ounce bottles & 6 filters (2 blue, 1 green) for $22.42
two replacement filters for $6.88
Rubbermaid Filtration Personal Water Bottles  Rubbermaid™ Filtration Personal Water Bottle
single 20-ounce bottle with filter (black, green or purple) for $9.99
single 20-ounce bottle with filter (blue) for $9.99
two replacement filters for $9.99
Bobble Bottles Reusable Water Bottle  Bobble Bottles™ Reusable Water Bottle
single 18.5-ounce bottle with filter (six color choices) for $9.47 to $14.90
replacement filter (10 color choices) for $6.53 to $11.84

       "We are the only species able to change the natural world, so we must be stewards of the world."
       — primatologist Jane Goodall

       "If you've seen one redwood tree, you've seen them all."
       — Ronald Reagan [1911-2004]

       "Treat the earth kindly, my friends, and it will give you comfort, security, and all [that] a man may need. If you plant a flake of gold in the earth, will anything come of it? But plant a seed and it will repay you many times over."
       — Louis L'Amour [in "The Comstock"]

       "Science has proven the existence of global warming. So our position is like the moment in the old tales when you smell the dragon. The only question is which way to run – run or die!
       "Mankind must reverse global warming or die."
       — G.E. Nordell


Animas River Spill of August 2015
AP news photo of kayakers afloat on the yellow 'plume' moving down the Animas River in Colorado (taken by Jerry McBride of the Durango Herald newspaper)

       The Animas River Spill began on August 5th, when E.P.A workers that were cleaning up an abandoned mine near Silverton, Colorado accidentally released a million gallons of dirty water into Cement Creek, which quickly flowed into the Animas River. The yellow-colored spill is not especially toxic, although it does contain excessive levels of lead, arsenic, cadmium, aluminum, copper, and calcium.
       The official estimated size of the spillage was increased over the August 8-9 weekend to three million gallons. La Plata County and the City of Silverton in Colorado declared states of emergency; San Juan County in New Mexico and the Navajo Nation (NM, AZ, UT) declared states of emergency; Gov. Martinez declared a state of emergency in northwestern New Mexico – due to the destruction of plant and animal habitat and closures of polluted wells and agricultural irrigation ditches; these closures will remain in effect until further notice.
       By August 10, the yellow mine tailings spill 'plume' from Colorado had traveled 120 or so miles down the Animas River Valley to the San Juan River and past Farmington, New Mexico; the San Juan flows about 200 miles farther to meet the Colorado River at Lake Powell in Utah. The Navajo Nation filed suit against the E.P.A. for the possibly longterm contamination of their drinking water wells and agricultural land.

see also August 10 article about the spill on the New Mexico Political Report website

Bloomberg News
Saturday 7 March 2015
by Thomas Black, Lynn Doan & Devin Banerjee

Derailed B.N.S.F. Train Still Burning as Second Crash Catches Fire
       A Canadian National Railway Co. train carrying crude oil derailed and caught fire in northern Ontario, while a BNSF Railway Co. train carrying Bakken oil for Mercuria Energy Group Ltd. continued to burn in rural Illinois two days after it jumped the tracks.
       Canadian National said on its website that the train derailed around 2:46 a.m. Saturday near Gogama, about 373 miles (600 kilometers) north of Toronto, with no injuries reported. Meanwhile, five of the BNSF train’s 105 cars remained on fire after Thursday’s derailment.

AP photo of the fiery March 2015 B.N.S.F. train derailment near Galena, Illinois

       Several accidents, fires and explosions related to Bakken oil carried in rail cars over the past two years have spurred calls for tougher regulations. North Dakota required all operators to condition the crude to a lower vapor pressure beginning in April. A fiery oil-by-rail crash in Quebec killed 47 people in 2013, and last month a CSX Corp. train carrying Bakken crude derailed, sending up a fireball in West Virginia.

       Saturday’s accident marks the second derailment of a Canadian National oil train in the area in three weeks. A train with 100 cars, all carrying crude from the oil-producing region of Alberta to eastern Canada, derailed Feb. 14 about 30 miles north of Gogama. Twenty-nine cars were involved and seven caught fire, a spokesman said at the time.
       “An initial pool fire occurred that we believe impacted five rail cars and that fire continues to burn,” BNSF, a unit of Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc., said Friday in a statement about the Illinois crash. “Local, state and BNSF Railway emergency personnel are on the scene working to contain the incident.”

Philadelphia Refinery
       Twenty-one of the train’s 105 cars, which include two sand cars as buffers, jumped the tracks Thursday afternoon near Galena, Illinois, about 160 miles west of Chicago. The U.S. Department of Transportation said 14 cars were in a pileup and half of those were punctured. Emergency responders evacuated a 1-mile radius, which contained six homes. No injuries have been reported.
       Mercuria, a Cyprus-based commodity trader, owns the crude and was working with the railway to investigate the accident, Matt J. Lauer, a Mercuria spokesman, said by telephone from Geneva. The oil was loaded at Bakken Oil Express LLC’s terminal in Eland, North Dakota, Joe Shotwell, operations director at the complex, said by phone on Friday.
       Mercuria was shipping the oil to Philadelphia Energy Solutions LLC’s refinery in Philadelphia, a person familiar with the situation said, while asking not to be identified because the information isn’t public. The company will work to fulfill the plant’s order with alternative supplies, the person said.

Keystone Proposal
       Philadelphia Energy Solutions spokeswoman Cherice Corley didn’t immediately respond to telephone and e-mailed requests for comment left after business hours. The company is a joint venture of Carlyle Group LP and Sunoco Inc., which was acquired by Energy Transfer Partners LP in October 2012.
       Crude trains, which travel through crowded communities such as Chicago suburbs and New York state neighborhoods, have increased 40-fold since 2009 to 493,000 last year. Much of the crude originates in the Bakken because of insufficient pipelines to move the oil to refineries on the coasts.
       Canadian oil will continue to be shipped by rail cars if pipelines, such as the Keystone XL line, aren’t built, the Canadian government has said. Some U.S. Republicans have cited the recent fiery derailments as an argument in favor of approving the divisive $8 billion Keystone proposal. The U.S. Senate on Wednesday failed to override President Barack Obama’s veto of a bill forcing approval of the U.S.-Canada oil link, a setback for Republicans who’ve made building it a legislative priority.

Safer Cars
       The BNSF tank cars involved in Thursday’s incident were the CPC-1232 model, the railroad said in an e-mail. The industry began making the CPC-1232 tank car at the end of 2011 to increase safety over more numerous, so-called legacy cars.
       The Transportation Department is set to issue new regulations for a safer tank car and modifications that will be required for legacy cars. The current cars may be on the tracks for years because of the time it takes to upgrade or replace them. The department also is considering an electronic braking system that would stop each car separately and help keep them from piling up. Railroads oppose the new braking system because of the cost.

The Washington Post
Tuesday 17 February 2015
by reporter Joby Warrick

Trains are carrying – and spilling – a record amount of oil
       When 14 tanker cars derailed and exploded Monday near tiny Mount Carbon, West Virginia, neighbors likened the fireball to a scene from the apocalypse. It was "like something Biblical, or wrath-of-God type stuff", one resident said.
       In fact, the oil spill and fire on the banks of the Kanawha River was the latest occurrence of a type of accident that U.S. officials say is becoming distressingly common. Federal agencies are documenting a dramatic rise in the number of rail mishaps involving oil tankers in the last three years, as North American producers scramble to find ways to transport surging oil output to markets.
       The fiery explosion of oil-laden C.S.X. tanker cars along a snowy stretch of south-central West Virginia came just two days after a similar incident in eastern Ontario, and follows a year that shattered all previous records for rail accidents involving shipments of petroleum products.
       More than 141 'unintentional releases' were reported from railroad tankers in 2014, an all-time high and a nearly six-fold increase over the average of 25 spills per year during the period from 1975 to 2012, according to records of the federal Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. The year 2013 had fewer accidents but a much larger volume of spilled crude: 1.4 million gallons, an amount that exceeded the total for all spills since record-keeping began in 1975.
       The increase adds yet another dimension to the controversy over the construction of oil pipelines such as the Keystone XL. Oil industry advocates contend that pipelines are safer than rail for moving flammable petroleum, while opponents say pipelines tend to experience much larger spills. The latest spill also highlights well-documented shortcomings in the local preparedness for accidents involving hazardous rail cargo, safety experts say.
       "Back-to-back fiery derailments involving crude oil trains should be an unmistakable wake-up call to our political leaders", said Mollie Matteson, a senior scientist at the Center for Biological Diversity, an Arizona-based environmental group.
       The toll from the latest disaster is far from clear. West Virginia Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin declared a state of emergency in two West Virginia counties as firefighters and hazmat crews worked for a second day to control the fire and contain an oil spill that contaminated a small creek and threatened to spread to the Kanawha River, a source of drinking water for cities and towns downstream. Nearly 2,500 people were evacuated when portions of the 109-car train derailed and then caught fire in a rural area southeast of Charleston.
       Only one injury was reported, but a nearby house was destroyed as one tanker after another exploded, creating columns of smoke and flame that could be seen for miles. A C.S.X. spokesman had no immediate explanation for the accident but confirmed that leaking oil had already reached one of the Kanawha [River]’s tributaries.
       "Fires around some of the cars will be allowed to burn out," the company said in a statement.
       Transportation experts have long complained about inadequate oversight and gaps in local preparedness for such accidents. Earlier this month, the Obama administration began a review of proposed new rules for oil-hauling trains, including provisions that would mandate updated tanker designs for freight trains hauling flammable cargo. But on Tuesday, C.S.X. officials disclosed that the tankers that caught fire in West Virginia bore the latest design features, raising doubts over whether the new rules would have helped.
       Part of the problem, energy experts say, is that transportation has not yet caught up with the sheer volume of oil being pumped by U.S. and Canadian companies in the past three years. In 2012, trains carried 40 times more oil than they did in 2008, and the volume doubled again in the following year, to about 400,000 tanker-car loads, according to figures posted by the Association of American Railroads. In production areas where pipelines are unavailable or at capacity, rail has become the transit choice by default, Charles Esser, an analyst with the International Energy Association, wrote in a recent blog.
       "North American rail shipments of oil are by no means unprecedented, but until the recent surge in production, they were largely limited to stopgap, temporary use, with pipeline construction favored," Esser wrote. While overall only about 10 percent of U.S. crude moves by tanker car, nearly 70 percent of the production from North Dakota’s surging Bakken fields reaches refineries by rail, he said.
       "Not surprisingly, accidents have increased, as well," Esser said. The petroleum that spilled in West Virginia on Monday originated in North Dakota and was headed for an oil terminal in Yorktown, Virginia.
       As accidents mount, so do chances for major disasters that could pollute communities and the environment, Matteson said. She cited the July 2013 derailment in Quebec that killed 47 people and forced the evacuation of 2,000 people.
       "People’s lives are at stake, clean drinking water is at stake, and the well-being of towns and wildlife along thousands of miles of rail line are directly in harm’s way of this unchecked, reckless increase in oil transport by rail," she said.

burning railroad oil tank cars at Lynchburg, Virginia 30 April 2014 (note man on roof, lower left)        burning railroad oil tank cars leaking into a stream that feeds the Kanawha River in West Virginia 17 February 2015

Associated Press / Tuesday 24 February 2015 / Ansted, WV
by reporter John Raby

Man runs from home as train derails nearby, engulfs property
       [FOLLOWUP}: Morris Bounds Sr. said he still requires treatments to help with his breathing and can taste something funny inside his mouth. Investigators have not determined what caused the crash. The train was carrying 3 million gallons of North Dakota crude. Oil leaked into a Kanawha River tributary, forcing nearby water treatment plants to temporarily shut down. The fire took four days to burn out and work continues to remove the overturned tanks.

full text of story

unidentified oil spill in Colorado creek, circa 2014 (photo by A.Z. Adams)
unidentified oil spill in Colorado creek, circa 2014 (photo by A.Z. Adams)

Largest Landslide in North America History
       On 10 April 2013, a gigantic landslide occured at Kennecott Utah Copper's Bingham Canyon Mine, about 18 miles southwest of Salt Lake City, Utah. Operator Rio Tinto had been monitoring recent tremors, and no employees were present during the event in which 65-70 million tons of dirt and rock slid down the east face of the 3,900 feet- (1,200 meters-) deep open pit mine. A second and much smaller slide took place on 11 September 2013; 100 workers cleaning up the original slide were evacuated when monitors detected movement; operation of the mine was halted overnight only.
       The mine has been owned by Rio Tinto of Australia since 1989; recent annual extraction yields have been 300,000 tons of copper, 13.7 tons of gold, 137 tons of silver, and 10,000 tons of molybdenum.

official websiteWikipedia

aerial photograph of the April 2013 landslide at Kennecott Utah Copper's open pit mine at Bingham Canyon, SW of Salt Lake City

Working Minds / Worry About / Eco-News for 2001 to 2005
was split off in Spring 2015

Selected Books on the Subject of the Earth's Biosphere

Selected Movies on the Subject of the Earth's Biosphere

main Things to Worry About Index Page
'Corporations vs. America' Page
Energy & Global Warming Page
Class War & Economics Pages
Earth's Biosphere {this page}
U.S. Politics / Elections Page
International Politics Page
Human Rights Page
War & Peace Page
Health Care Page
Education Page
Racism Page

Selected Books on These Subjects

Solutions Index Page
Activism Pages
Alternative Energy Page
Alternative Media Page
Alternative-Fuel Vehicles Page
Environment Page
Labor, Capitalism & the Working Mind
Making A Difference
Progressive Talk Radio
Recycling Page

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